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YII Framework框架教程之使用YIIC快速创建YII应用详解

本文实例讲述了YII Framework框架使用YIIC快速创建YII应用的方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下: yii提供了强大的命令行工具来快速的创建相关组件和应用。 /span cd进入yii/framework框架的根目录。 执行 # php yiic Yii command runner (based on Yii v1.1.8) Usage: yiic command-name [parameters...] The following commands are available: - message - migrate - shell - webapp To see individual command help, use the following: yiic help command-name 可以看到 yiic的基本命令参数规则 yiic command-name [parameters...] command-name对应的有
- message
- migrate
- shell
- webapp 如果要查看具体的命令的功能可以用 yiic help command-name 例如: php yiic shell 1.php yiic webapp 执行 php yiic help webapp
USAGE yiic webapp app-path DESCRIPTION This command generates an Yii Web Application at the specified location. PARAMETERS * app-path: required, the directory where the new application will be created. If the directory does not exist, it will be created. After the application is created, please make sure the directory can be accessed by Web users. 在指定的位置创建一个基于yii的完整结构的webapp。app-path是webapp的存放目录。如果目录不存在会被创建。 例如: /yii/framework# php yiic webapp ../../testwebap Create a Web application under '/home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap' [Yes|No] Yes mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap generate index-test.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/themes mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/themes/html' target='_blank'>classic mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/themes/classic/views mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/themes/classic/views/layouts generate themes/classic/views/.htaccess mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/themes/classic/views/site mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/themes/classic/views/system mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/css generate css/ie.css generate css/bg.gif generate css/screen.css generate css/form.css generate css/print.css generate css/main.css generate index.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/assets mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/models generate protected/models/LoginForm.php generate protected/models/ContactForm.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/components generate protected/components/UserIdentity.php generate protected/components/Controller.php generate protected/yiic.bat mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/controllers generate protected/controllers/SiteController.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/migrations generate protected/yiic mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/data generate protected/data/testdrive.db generate protected/data/schema.mysql.sql generate protected/data/schema.sqlite.sql mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/config generate protected/config/test.php generate protected/config/console.php generate protected/config/main.php generate protected/.htaccess mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/layouts generate protected/views/layouts/column1.php generate protected/views/layouts/column2.php generate protected/views/layouts/main.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site generate protected/views/site/contact.php generate protected/views/site/login.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/pages generate protected/views/site/pages/about.php generate protected/views/site/index.php generate protected/views/site/error.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/messages mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests generate protected/tests/bootstrap.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/fixtures generate protected/tests/phpunit.xml mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/report mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/unit mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/functional generate protected/tests/functional/SiteTest.php generate protected/tests/WebTestCase.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/runtime generate protected/yiic.php mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/extensions mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/commands mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/commands/shell mkdir /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/images Your application has been created successfully under /yii_dev/testwebap. 生成的目录结构如下 testwebap
│ ├── assets
│ ├── css
│ ├── images
│ ├── index.php
│ ├── index-test.php
│ ├── protected
│ └── themes
详细目录结构如下
├── assets
├── css
│ ├── bg.gif
│ ├── form.css
│ ├── ie.css
│ ├── main.css
│ ├── print.css
│ └── screen.css
├── images
├── index.php
├── index-test.php
├── protected
│ ├── commands
│ │ └── shell
│ ├── components
│ │ ├── Controller.php
│ │ └── UserIdentity.php
│ ├── config
│ │ ├── console.php
│ │ ├── main.php
│ │ └── test.php
│ ├── controllers
│ │ └── SiteController.php
│ ├── data
│ │ ├── schema.mysql.sql
│ │ ├── schema.sqlite.sql
│ │ └── testdrive.db
│ ├── extensions
│ ├── messages
│ ├── migrations
│ ├── models
│ │ ├── ContactForm.php
│ │ └── LoginForm.php
│ ├── runtime
│ ├── tests
│ │ ├── bootstrap.php
│ │ ├── fixtures
│ │ ├── functional
│ │ │ └── SiteTest.php
│ │ ├── phpunit.xml
│ │ ├── report
│ │ ├── unit
│ │ └── WebTestCase.php
│ ├── views
│ │ ├── layouts
│ │ │ ├── column1.php
│ │ │ ├── column2.php
│ │ │ └── main.php
│ │ └── site
│ │ ├── contact.php
│ │ ├── error.php
│ │ ├── index.php
│ │ ├── login.php
│ │ └── pages
│ │ └── about.php
│ ├── yiic
│ ├── yiic.bat
│ └── yiic.php
└── themes
└── classic
└── views
├── layouts
├── site
└── system 通过浏览器查看一下 http://www.localyii.com/testwebap/ 具体功能后面讲。这里直接讲命令的使用。 2.php yiic messag php yiic help message打印message命令的相关用法 USAGE yiic message config-file DESCRIPTION This command searches for messages to be translated in the specified source files and compiles them into PHP arrays as message source. PARAMETERS * config-file: required, the path of the configuration file. You can find an example in framework/messages/config.php. The file can be placed anywhere and must be a valid PHP script which returns an array of name-value pairs. Each name-value pair represents a configuration option. The following options are available: - sourcePath: string, root directory of all source files. - messagePath: string, root directory containing message translations. - languages: array, list of language codes that the extracted messages should be translated to. For example, array('zh_cn','en_au'). - fileTypes: array, a list of file extensions (e.g. 'php', 'xml'). Only the files whose extension name can be found in this list will be processed. If empty, all files will be processed. - exclude: array, a list of directory and file exclusions. Each exclusion can be either a name or a path. If a file or directory name or path matches the exclusion, it will not be copied. For example, an exclusion of '.svn' will exclude all files and directories whose name is '.svn'. And an exclusion of '/a/b' will exclude file or directory 'sourcePath/a/b'. - translator: the name of the function for translating messages. Defaults to 'Yii::t'. This is used as a mark to find messages to be translated. - overwrite: if message file must be overwritten with the merged messages. 主要用于webapp的国际化。 例如将上面生产的testwebap的
http://www.localyii.com/testwebap/index.php r=site/login 登录页面的Username和Password 翻译成中文 上面说需要配置文件。yii为我们提供了配置文件的模板。 framework/messages/config.php 复制framework\messages\config.php 文件到 protected\messages\下 具体内容修改如下: dirname(__FILE__).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'..', 'messagePath'= dirname(__FILE__).DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'..'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'messages', 'languages'= array('zh_cn'), 'fileTypes'= array('php'), 'overwrite'= true, 'exclude'= array( '.svn', 'yiilite.php', 'yiit.php', '/i18n/data', '/messages', '/vendors', '/web/js', /www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/login.php 修改如下 labelEx($model,Yii::t('login_message','username')); textField($model,'username'); error($model,'username'); labelEx($model,Yii::t('login_message','password')); passwordField($model,'password'); error($model,'password'); 执行如下命令 testwebap/protected/messages /www/yii_dev/yii/framework# php yiic message "../../testwebap/protected/messages/config.php" Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/components/Controller.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/components/UserIdentity.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/config/console.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/config/main.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/config/test.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/controllers/SiteController.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/models/ContactForm.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/models/LoginForm.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/WebTestCase.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/bootstrap.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/tests/functional/SiteTest.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/layouts/column1.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/layouts/column2.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/layouts/main.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/contact.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/error.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/index.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/login.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/views/site/pages/about.php... Extracting messages from /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/yiic.php... Saving messages to /home/coder/adata/liuyuqiang/wamp/www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/messages/../messages/zh_cn/login_message.php...saved. 目录下生成如下文件 /www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/messages/zh_cn/login_message.php return array ( 'password' = '', 'username' = '', 改为 return array ( 'password' = '密码', 'username' = '用户名', 修改 如下配置文件 /www/yii_dev/testwebap/protected/config/main.php 添加如下 // application-level parameters that can be accessed // using Yii::app()- params['paramName'] 'params'= array( // this is used in contact page 'adminEmail'= 'webmaster@example.com', 'language'= 'zh_cn', 'sourceLanguage'= 'en_us', 访问一一下 http://www.localyii.com/testwebap/index.php r=site/login 可以看到翻译成中文了。 可以有乱码的问题,注意编码问题。文件,浏览器要设置统一 更多关于Yii相关内容感兴趣的读者可查看本站专题:《Yii框架入门及常用技巧总结》、《php优秀开发框架总结》、《smarty模板入门基础教程》、《php日期与时间用法总结》、《php面向对象程序设计入门教程》、《php字符串(string)用法总结》、《php+mysql数据库操作入门教程》及《php常见数据库操作技巧汇总》 希望本文所述对大家基于Yii框架的PHP程序设计有所帮助。PHP教程

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