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一条语句简单解决“每个Y的最新X”的经典sql语句

复制代码 代码如下:
/****** 创建表 ******/
if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[Table]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsUserTable') = 1)
drop table [dbo].[Table]
GO
Create TABLE [dbo].[Table] (
[ID] [int] IDENTITY (1, 1) NOT NULL ,
[Y] [nvarchar] (50) COLLATE Chinese_PRC_CI_AS NOT NULL ,
[X] [smalldatetime] NOT NULL
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
--插入数据
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) html' target='_blank'>values('CCC', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('AAA', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('AAA', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('BBB', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('BBB', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('BBB', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('CCC', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('AAA', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('CCC', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('DDD', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('DDD', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('DDD', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('EEE', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('EEE', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('EEE', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
GO

/****** 创建表 ******/
if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[Table]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsUserTable') = 1)
drop table [dbo].[Table]
GO
Create TABLE [dbo].[Table] (
[ID] [int] IDENTITY (1, 1) NOT NULL ,
[Y] [nvarchar] (50) COLLATE Chinese_PRC_CI_AS NOT NULL ,
[X] [smalldatetime] NOT NULL
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
--插入数据
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('CCC', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('AAA', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('AAA', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('BBB', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('BBB', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('BBB', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('CCC', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('AAA', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('CCC', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('DDD', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('DDD', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('DDD', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('EEE', '2007-01-01 01:01:01')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('EEE', '2007-02-02 02:02:02')
Insert INTO [Table](Y, X) values('EEE', '2007-03-03 03:03:03')

GO解决“每个Y的最新X”经典SQL问题:以下几种方法真是八仙过海
复制代码 代码如下:

Select ID, Y, X
FROM [Table] T1
Where (NOT EXISTS
(Select 1
FROM [Table] T2
Where (T2.Y = T1 .Y) AND (T2.X T1 .X or
T2.X = T1 .X AND T2.ID T1 .ID)))
/*****************************************************************************/
Select *
FROM [Table]
Where ID IN
(Select MAX(T1.ID)
FROM [Table] T1 JOIN
(Select y, MAX(x) x
FROM [Table]
GROUP BY y) T2 ON T1.Y = T2.Y AND T1.x = T2.x
GROUP BY T1.y)
/*****************************************************************************/
Select T .ID, T .Y, T .X
FROM [Table] T INNER JOIN
(Select MAX(T1.ID) AS ID
FROM [Table] T1 JOIN
(Select y, MAX(x) x
FROM [Table]
GROUP BY y) T2 ON T1.Y = T2.Y AND T1.x = T2.x
GROUP BY T1.y) T2 ON T .ID = T2.ID
/*****************************************************************************/
Select *
FROM [Table] T1
Where ID IN
(Select TOP 1 ID
FROM [Table]
Where Y = T1.Y
orDER BY X DESC)
/*****************************************************************************/
Select *
FROM [Table] T1
Where (ID =
(Select TOP 1 ID
FROM [Table]
Where Y = T1.Y
orDER BY X DESC, ID DESC))
/*****************************************************************************/

/*****************************************************************************/
Select ID, Y, X
FROM [Table] T1
Where (NOT EXISTS
(Select 1
FROM [Table] T2
Where (T2.Y = T1 .Y) AND (T2.X T1 .X or
T2.X = T1 .X AND T2.ID T1 .ID)))
/*****************************************************************************/
Select *
FROM [Table]
Where ID IN
(Select MAX(T1.ID)
FROM [Table] T1 JOIN
(Select y, MAX(x) x
FROM [Table]
GROUP BY y) T2 ON T1.Y = T2.Y AND T1.x = T2.x
GROUP BY T1.y)
/*****************************************************************************/
Select T .ID, T .Y, T .X
FROM [Table] T INNER JOIN
(Select MAX(T1.ID) AS ID
FROM [Table] T1 JOIN
(Select y, MAX(x) x
FROM [Table]
GROUP BY y) T2 ON T1.Y = T2.Y AND T1.x = T2.x
GROUP BY T1.y) T2 ON T .ID = T2.ID
/*****************************************************************************/
Select *
FROM [Table] T1
Where ID IN
(Select TOP 1 ID
FROM [Table]
Where Y = T1.Y
orDER BY X DESC)
/*****************************************************************************/
Select *
FROM [Table] T1
Where (ID =
(Select TOP 1 ID
FROM [Table]
Where Y = T1.Y
orDER BY X DESC, ID DESC))

/*****************************************************************************
/效率嘛,在不同的字段建立索引速度都不尽相同,使用者见仁见智了.
第一种方法速度在各方面都不错,而且在Y列在建立索引,可以大大优化查询速度。更多编程语言

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